A BULLETIN OF CIRCUIT PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY
We tend to think of building electrical-system energy as being pure sixty hertz ac sine waves.
They're not always so pure. External and internal influences can cause voltage transient "surges" or "spikes" as high as several thousand volts on 120V circuits.
Unless these surges are provided with a harmless path to ground, they can damage the building system and utilization equipment connected to the system. In the most severe cases, they can start fires.
There are two main sources of power system surges--lightning and switching.
Lightning is the biggest cause of surges from outside a building. We're excluding "direct hit" lightning damage from this discussion. Lightning surges are the result of induced voltage on the power lines caused by lightning strikes in the vicinity of the lines. The surges ride the line into buildings through the service entrance conductors.
Switching is the major cause of surges from inside a building. The inductive "kick" of a transformer, solenoid, or motor, or the switching of an appliance are typical examples.
The electric clock has given us an insight into just how high these surges can be. Millions of clocks are exposed day and night, year in and year out to whatever surges are on the lines. A General Electric Company study of clock motor performance over a period of several years showed that electrical failures were practically eliminated when the withstand voltage level of the clock motor insulation was increased from 2000V to 6000V.
This provides evidence that many surges do exist over 2000V, and is an example of a manufacturer's action to improve product performance. Normally, products would be expected to withstand high voltage surges of two times their rating plus 1000v, or approximately 1250V, for most home appliances. For mobile homes, Art. 550-10(a) requires a dielectric strength test of 900V for 1 minute or 1080V for 1 second.
Protection from voltage surges can pay for itself in short order in appliance repairs alone.
PHONE: (678) 546-6780 FAX: (678) 546-6782
5044 B U Bowman Drive #102
Buford, Georgia 30518
PHONE: (678) 546-6780
Last Updated: 07 Jun 2004
©1997-2004 Stedi-Power, Inc.
All trademarks are the property of their respective owners
All other rights reserved.